A Brief Overview of Technology
A Brief Overview of Technology
Technology is the collective term for any unique techniques, tools, procedures, and techniques used in the creation of products or services, or in the achievement of specific goals, including scientific research. The scope and history of technology can be traced back to the earliest recorded civilization, which has been dated at roughly 6000 B.C. with the development of writing. Ancient civilizations such as those of Egypt and China developed complex technological systems to create artifacts, while other ancient civilizations, such as the Aztecs and the Maya, used complex construction techniques to build their cities.
Technological Systems can be categorized into two main areas. The first area encompasses technological systems that are designed for the efficient production of a product, and include such things as electrical devices, machines, and information systems. The second area encompasses technological systems that are designed for the efficient management of the environment, including space science, geology, and the study of matter. In addition, there are other types of technological systems, such as machine learning, digital technology, complex programming languages, transportation engineering, and food and beverage engineering. These categories are further divided into a number of subcategories, each with its own inherent characteristics and methods of application.
In order to compare different technological systems, it is important to apply a schizotypical perspective to the problem. According to this analytical category view, technological systems can be separated into five basic categories. These are: experimental technologies, operative technologies, operational technologies, concrete technologies, and information technology.
Among the five types of technology in this analytical category, the most influential is experimentation and testing, which is evident in the technological creations of today. Experiments and testing can be classified according to the level of sophistication of the equipment, method, or substance being tested, the specific end result, or the intent of the creator. In the operational category, this includes the myriad of technologies used in organizations and society. Operative technologies refer to those that produce information or perform a particular task by use of manual labor or machines. Concrete technologies refer to those that form part of the infrastructure of society, while information technology refers to the forms of computers and information systems.
In considering new technologies, it is important to look at how new technologies impact society, as well as how the society creates and utilizes these technologies. This analysis can be done through a broad range of perspectives, including social science, technology studies, futurism, cognitive science, digital humanities, technological history, economic theory, philosophy of technology, and anthropology. The schizotypical perspective provides a unique way of looking at new technologies, because it simultaneously identifies the technology, the technological artifact, and the person who uses it. Within the schizotypical framework, new technologies can be classified based on how they modify society, the technologies available to users, their role in shaping the society, the ways in which users use these technologies, and the social/psychological effects of these technologies.
In looking at the history of technology, it becomes evident that the twenty-first century is not the age of the technology industry, but rather the age of applied science, social engineering, and the humanities. Applied science, which includes such fields as physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, and economics, directly affects society, while the humanities have traditionally had a far larger impact upon society through culture. As society begins to adapt to the changing needs of the twenty-first century, more technological artifacts will be produced, which will continue to influence our minds and our lives in terms of both science and medicine. As society continues to grow in complexity, innovations, and more innovations will continue to shape the way we live and work.