Broad Patterns in Technology and Science
Technology is the collective term for any methods, materials, techniques, or procedures utilized in the creation of products or services and in their realization of certain goals, including scientific experimentation. One of the most important areas in technology is engineering. Engineers are responsible for the design and manufacture of a variety of technological systems. The scope and growth of technology has led to an increased need for qualified engineers who have these skills and expertise in a wide variety of technological positions.
A qualified engineer must be skilled in a number of specific areas. In addition to technical skills, an engineer must possess knowledge and skills in business theory, management principles, and the basic mathematics of technology. Graduates who pursue a Bachelors degree in computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, or electrical technology can achieve positions as computer systems analysts, computer software engineers, computer systems architects, computer systems engineers, computer systems analysts, or system engineers. These positions are generally considered entry level and require at least a year of internship and on-the-job training.
Students pursuing a Bachelors degree in computer science can pursue a career path that combines programming languages with scientific principles. Areas of technology literacy include research methods, numerical analysis, algorithm designs, and scientific methodologies. Graduates with degrees in these areas can work for industry-related companies, begin their own businesses, or work in academic settings that contribute to the improvement of our society. There are several different programs available to suit students’ needs; however, some programs require specific talents that are in short supply among many students.
Some of the most important innovations and discoveries made over the past century came from the fields of chemistry and physics, specifically from those who applied new materials to understand physical phenomena. Two individuals who fit this mold are Enrico Fermi and Joavier Carlsten. Because both received their degrees in physics, they independently made important contributions to the field of mechanics and consequently to many other areas of science. Other notable scholars include Alfred Nobel Prize winner Sir Alfred Nobel, Liebig Prize winner Sir Alexander Fleming, and Sir Harry Emerson Fosdick.
Industrial arts and applied science have changed vastly since the late nineteenth century. The twentieth century saw a rise in all areas of science and technology. For example, while electric lighting and appliances were previously used in mining and manufacturing, they were employed to revolutionize the electrical power industry. Similarly, while mining and manufacturing were sectors that suffered from the Great Depression, they were able to overcome their shortcomings during the Great Post-World War I industrial boom. As a result, there has been a substantial increase in all fields of science and technology.
With these broad patterns of change, it is important for students to identify and examine these development trends and identify how they relate to the discipline of science and technology. In addition, by studying both classical and contemporary patterns of change, students can also develop important competencies in teaching and research. By identifying and exploring these broad patterns, students can build a rich understanding of the discipline of science and technology.